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Natural Disasters: Essay on Natural Disaster Management

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❶Disaster management planning should recognise the difference between incidents and disasters. As disaster management plan should incorporate the role expected of the armed forces so that the procedure for deploying them is well-organized, there is a need to encompass an interface personnel correlation between the state government and the armed forces for immediate effective delivery of relief to the victims affected by disasters.

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People in the programs will often travel to multiple places where disasters have occurred and will be able to determine the actual outcome of natural disasters.

It is also important to study disaster technologies and ways that technology is helping to warn communities about natural disasters. Disaster management is an important field of study that can help people to better understand disasters and how to rebound and come back from both natural and man made disasters.

It is important that people know how to react in an emergency, and that some people are educated and trained in reacting to these disasters so that they can lead other people. Those who are educated can also create a plan of action for communities in order to make people feel more comfortable should a disaster strike. They have all been handpicked to serve the needs of college and university students worldwide.

These writing services and educational portals were verified by our editorial team of legitimacy and ownership. Many smaller-scale quakes occurred in other parts of India in About 30 million people are affected annually. Floods in the Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plains are an annual feature.

On an average, a few hundred lives are lost, millions are rendered homeless and several hectares of crops are damaged every year. On account of climate change, floods have also occurred in recent years in areas that are normally not flood prone. In , drought prone parts of Rajasthan experienced floods. About 50 million people are affected annually by drought. Of approximately 90 million hectares of rain-fed areas, about 40 million hectares are prone to scanty or no rain.

Rainfall is poor in nine meteorological subdivisions out of 36 subdivision each meteorological sub division covers a geographic area of more than ten revenue districts in India.

Cyclonic activities on the east coast are more severe than on the west coast. The Indian continent is considered to be the worst cyclone-affected part of the world, as a result of low-depth ocean bed topography and coastal configuration. Most casualties are caused due to coastal inundation by tidal waves and storm surges. Landslides in India are another recurrent phenomenon.

Landslide-prone areas largely correspond to earthquake-prone areas, i. North-west and North-East, where the incidence of landslides is the highest. It typically strikes arid areas of Rajasthan chronically and Gujarat states. Although a slow onset emergency, and to an extent predictable emergency, drought has caused severe suffering in the affected areas in recent years, including effects on poverty, hunger, and unemployment. Cold waves are recurrent phenomenon in North India. Hundreds if not thousands of people die of cold and related diseases every year, most of them from poor urban areas in northern parts of the country.

As per a World Bank study in , natural disasters pose a major impediment on the path of economic development in India. The classification of disaster differs as per the criterion of classification. For example, on the basis of their origin, they are classified as natural and manmade.

If we take into account their severity, they may be classified as manor and minor disasters. However, a high powered committee constituted in Aug. Pant adopted origin as the criterion for the classification of disaster. The fundamental task of the committee was to prepare comprehensive model plans for disaster management at district, state and national level.

The committee has identified 30 disasters and categories them in the following five groups. Such as flood, cyclones, hailstorms, cloudburst, heat and cold waves, snow avalanches, droughts, sea erosion, thunder and lightning.

Such as landslides and mud flows, earthquakes, mine fires, dam failures and general fires. Such as urban and forest fires, oil spill, mine flooding incidents, collapse of huge building structures, bomb blasts, air, road and rail mishaps, boat capsizing and stampede during congregations. At central level, an administrative ministry has been identified as nodal agency for each disaster to coordinate the activities of disaster management operations at different levels.

Disaster Management is an effort to inquire into the process of a hazard turning to disaster to identify its causes and rectify the same through public policy. Therefore disaster management is a policy issue concerned with minimizing and preventing the damaging impact of a natural or manmade hazard.

Some of the policy and administrative factors relevant to disaster management are such as poor and weak or overcrowded buildings in earthquake prone zone, poor land use planning in flood prone areas, inadequate and faulty laws regulating various processes and facilities, general low risk perception towards among people etc.

The above description of disaster management underlines the difference between the hazard and the disaster. A hazard is a natural or manmade damaging event which is beyond the effective control of human being, whereas the disaster is the sum total of consequences of natural hazard due to vulnerability of people or regions subject to hazard. Thus same natural hazard may produce different amount of disastrous impact on different group of people or regions. The new approach to disaster management evolved gradually in s beginning with the declaration of by UN General Assembly as the International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction.

The major disasters such as tsunami in Asia in , Hurricane Katrina in U. The conference laid emphasis on some crucial but neglected aspects of disaster management such as governance and policy framework, risk identification and early warning, knowledge management, reducing risk factors and preparedness for effective response and recovery. The alert brought back memories of the devastating tsunami of , in which 2. Before that, among the major quakes India has seen was the one on April 4, , an 8.

It had killed around 20, people. Then there were two very large magnitude earthquakes in Bihar and Assam This attitude experienced a thaw sometime after the disastrous Bhuj earthquake of magnitude 8. The administration started considering how to save lives and manage disaster.

Various state governments were requested to set up a disaster management office. The aim was to mitigate the damage potential of natural disasters in future. For once, the subject of disaster management had been taken seriously at the governmental level. However, subsequent earthquakes proved that the organisations were not able to check disasters. After Bhuj, there were two major seismic events — the Andaman Sumatran earthquake-cum-tsunami of 26 December, , and the Kashmir earthquake of October 8, The disaster management bodies were not able to do anything to prevent deaths.

Even a moderate earthquake of magnitude 6. Most disaster management plans have thus far focused on the post-seismic period of rescue, rehabilitation and reconstruction RRR. In a typical scenario, seismic shaking of moderate to large earthquakes lasts seconds. If that time is divided into three parts of seconds, then during the first part, disaster managers are highly excited watching the terrain shake. During the second part, they are in awe to see the collapse of structures.

The third part has them near tears, seeing the horrific deaths and destruction. After the shaking stops, they rush to affected sites with stretchers, medicine, rescue equipment, etc. All this amounts to rescue, not prevention. Tragically, this is all that disaster management is about at present. There is no activity during the pre-seismic and co- seismic period. But if there is any change in the normal patterns either in the timing of the flood or the fury of flood we see devastating effect on the life and property of the people.

Similarly earthquakes, cyclones, Tsunamis, are dramatic and very damaging in their results. Although natural calamities cannot be averted but many suitable measures can be taken to lessen the impact of these disasters disaster managers struggle to mitigate their effects on human lives and material losses.

The most vulnerable sections in these disasters are the poor. Hence it is necessary to mobilise them towards preparedness. Quick and timely response is the essence in providing immediate relief and rescue operations, to save human lives and mitigate miseries as soon as possible.

The response mechanism envisages that on receiving signals of a disaster happening or likely to happen, all activities related with the mitigation process are activated without loss of time. Disaster management is a collective and co-ordinated effort. A number of activities need to be undertaken in the event of disaster.

These include co-ordination, command and control, rapid assessment of damage, restoration of power, tele communication and surface transport, deployment of search and rescue teams, medicals and Para-medical teams, arrangements for drinking water and food material, setting up of temporary shelters, sanitation and hygiene identification and earmarking of resources, last but not the least, maintenance of law and order is equally important.

It is the primary responsibility of the State Governments to be in a state of preparedness and provide relief to the people affected in a disaster. But in case of severe calamity the Central Government supplements their efforts by providing logistic and financial support.


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The response mechanism envisages that on receiving signals of a disaster happening or likely to happen, all activities related with the mitigation process are activated without loss of time. Disaster management is a collective and co-ordinated effort. A number of activities need to be undertaken in the event of disaster.

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Emergency and disaster management is a field of study in which people would study the way to make communities stronger when a disaster strikes. A disaster could be man made or natural, and the disaster management field allows people to better understand the process of coping and dealing with large-scale natural disasters.

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Disaster Management Essay 2 ( words) A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disturbs the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope with using its own resources. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Simple Essay On Disaster Management.