Counselors and psychiatrists believe that prevention program is more effective than having a stricter juvenile justice system. Professionals that are usually working with juvenile offenders should be trained on how to understand the illnesses, sufferings and offenses of the offenders rather than just reacting on actual cases. Most programs funded by state agencies available for the youth are usually for the treatment of the problems encountered by them, rather than helping the youth to prevent and handle it.
Youth violence is undeniably a national issue to that needs to be addressed. The resolution of this issue however is not only an area of concern of state authorities, but also a collective conscious effort of sectors that should be involved such as the family, media, school authorities and even the youth themselves.
Only with the proper understanding and analysis on the problem that will ensure the resolution of it. Understanding and Preventing Youth Violence in America.
Retrieved March 27, , from http: Accessed September 15, We will write a custom essay sample on Youth Violence specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. How to cite this page Choose cite format: How about make it original?
Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. It does not come as any surprise that a child between the age of two and five watches approximately 28 hours of television ever week Johnson, Another thing that comes to mind is that there has been a lot of allowance of violence in the media ever since broadcasting was deregulated in The phenomenon of violence is also very complex and there are many factors that can or cannot induce violent behavior in a human being.
Many people have suggested that the individuals' personalities, their family backgrounds, their cultural, educational, and religious implications, all contribute to acts of violence.
It is believed that children learn from things that happen around them and also by observing people who are important to them, e. This is because children start to develop a sense of themselves and others and a sense of right and wrong very early Piaget, ; Sullivan, ; Winnicott, Children who are raised in a society where inequality is supported, they find more evidence of selfishness, competition and domination, they are more likely to grow up to be violent people West, From this we can derive the fact that children are more likely to be exposed to violent material in the media if they are not supervised properly and are not guided properly.
Although almost everyone would agree that children who view violence in media might turn out to be violent in their real lives, this cannot be the only factor that must be considered when drawing such a conclusion.
That is to say that some of the evidence that has been gathered from the laboratory experiments and other correlational research tend to point otherwise. According to some researchers, this was especially true when the violence was rewarded Bandura et al.
Andison found that the effects on aggression by viewing violence on television are not necessarily more in children as compared to the adult viewers. This research, even though inconclusive, also found that the effects of violence in media were slightly stronger on adults than they were on preschool children.
These findings are very different from those that have suggested that media can have more effects on children since they are more susceptible in their growing years. Research that has been conducted in the field and also by correlation also provides some other important perspectives on this issue.
These researches show that the images of violence viewed on television can have various different kinds of effects on the viewer and these effects largely depend on the personality of the viewer. Findings by Friedrich and Stein , however, have suggested that there exists a complex relationship between interpersonal aggression and the watching of violent television programs.
It was also found that people who were high on the aggression list and those who saw violence in the media, took a longer time in coming down from their aggressive state than did high-aggressors who saw neutral or nonviolent images. On the other hand, those who were low on aggression and who saw nonviolent images became more aggressive than those who saw violence on television.
This means that even those images that were nonviolent evoked an aggressive response under certain conditions Gadow Sprafkin. These findings have made many researchers question the true nature of violence in the media and how it can or cannot affect the child in various ways.
Some studies have also suggested that it is not the nature of the programs but the number of hours that a child spends in front of the television that is the cause of the adverse effects.
This is so according to Belson , who believes that aggression could be derived from watching violent television as often as it could be derived from watching nonviolent images. The research on children has been restricted to because of many factors.
It is believed that children are a special audience Dorr, They are generally considered to be more vulnerable to the exposure of various contents on television, more than adults are known to be affected. This is because the minds of children are in a stage of cognitive immaturity and the cognitive pathways in their minds can easily be shaped by various media that are fed into it. It has been found that television is a particularly attractive thing for the children and the children tend to view television more than they indulge in other activities.
This is why television has an enormous potential of shaping the way a child might think and act. There are many kinds of programs that come on the television and many of them have been specifically designed to mold and nurture the minds of children. Thus it is also very possible that children who view violent images on television can have certain adverse affects on their brains.
This can in turn affect their personalities and instill a fascination with violence for the rest of their lives. As discussed above, there is much disagreement as to exactly how television viewing can or cannot affect the minds of children. One that that is for sure is that children do tend to watch a whole lot of television.
Although there are many estimates, a slightly more conservative estimate gives that an average child watches as much as 3 hours of television everyday Huston et al. The effects of viewing tend to depend largely on the nature of the programs but this is also debatable since the factors involving individual personalities are also to be considered. Most of the children who watch television are not discouraged to do otherwise by their parents Bryant, In an average American family, a television is a very important part of family life.
Families sit together and watch many television shows and most of the times young children are watching television in front of their parents. One study concluded that children watched television with children more than seventy percent of the time St.
It has also been determined that television habits are formed in the early years of a child. The parents are mostly blamed for not regulating their children's television viewing habits. This has also been found that not many parents put in an effort to regulate their children's television viewing patterns. Children learn by their parents' examples and if the parents watch a lot of television, so do the children.
The parents also play an integral role in the children's mind about the contents of what they view on television. If the parents also enjoy watching violent images on television, the children are also more likely to like and thus view more violence on television.
Many studies have indicated that explaining what the child just saw on television can greatly help resolve many issues in the child's mind and also helps them to make better and informed decisions later on. It has also been theorized that television may also affect the whole family as a group, that is, in the way that they spend their time and events together Bryant, There are many television programs on the air that show other families interacting with each other.
These families have served as role models for many American families all over the nation for many years. It is very likely that your normal average family is akin to these families and takes up and adopts many or some of the patterns that they see being interacted on television. These patterns can be considered as what defines normality for these people. The fact that keeps recurring is that it is only the televised viewing that brings about an increased aggressive state but it other factors also have to be considered.
There are also many people who do not agree with this and say that televised violence really does not affect the people in any negative way Freedman, , ; McGuire, Since most of the studies that have concluded the adverse effects of television violence on people have been based in laboratory experiments, many people tend to reject the conclusions. Partly because of such arguments, interest in laboratory experiments began to wane in the s as research on the effects of televised violence became based more and more on studies in natural settings.
Some of these studies, usually called field experiments, involved the use of experimental methodology in natural settings. Friedrich-Cofer and Huston provide a detailed discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of these studies. A very large amount of research was done on the correlation between television viewing and aggression during the s. The research began with the study of third-grade students in a rural county in upstate New York. Each child's level of aggressiveness was assessed through ratings made by parents, peers, and the children themselves; each child's preference for violent television programs was also measured.
Measures of the same variables were obtained 10 and 22 years later from many of the same children. The method of cross-lagged panel correlation was used for analysis of the data. Following the assumptions of cross-lagged correlation analysis, Eron and his associates inferred a causal relation between observing violence and aggressiveness from these data.
For girls, both correlations were not significantly greater than zero. In , Huesmann, Eron, Lefkowitz, and Walder reported the results of the year follow-up. A positive relationship between childhood television viewing and subsequent aggressiveness was again suggested: The seriousness of crimes for which males were convicted by age 30 was significantly correlated with the amount of television that they had watched and their liking for violent programs as 8-year-olds.
Singer and Singer also conducted a study and showed a connection between how watching violence on television affected the aggressiveness in children. This study was conducted on nursery school age children for 1-year. Meanwhile, observers recorded instances of aggressive behavior by the children during school hours. This effect was found for both boys and girls. The pattern of cross-lagged correlations over the four probe periods led the Singers to conclude that the television viewing was leading to the aggressive behavior over the first two comparisons i.
Over the final comparison from probe 3 to probe 4 , however, the cross-lagged pattern showed that not only was earlier viewing correlated with subsequent aggression, but also that earlier aggression was correlated with subsequent viewing. In other words, by the latter phase of the study a reciprocal effect was being shown. This second finding, that people who are high on the aggressiveness scale might like to watch more violence on television is consistent with the results of the laboratory experiments conducted by Fenigstein In this experiment, people who had had a history of physical aggression against others tended to select television viewing material that was more violent in nature than compared to those who were not as aggressive.
In a similar correlational study, Diener and DuFour also presented similar results. Media has always provided children with entertainment and visual imagery and imagination that have worked to enhance their minds and also develop their brains.
Two words: Youth violence. It’s everywhere! You can’t escape it. Everywhere you look there is a crime occurring people under the age of .
Youth violence is a serious issue, and there are many factors that contribute to youth violence; they are domestic violence, negative media and gangs. The truth is if a child grows up in an unhealthy household then there will more chances for he or she to grow up to be a violent person.
Jun 03, · Free Essays from Bartleby | programming contains some violence, there should be more and more violent crime after television is available” (Freedman). Many. Youth violence is one of the most mentioned and discussed problem in most city and schools around the country. This has received increased public attention since the rash of school shootings and violent acts that have occurred in recent years. It is a topic that is of great importance in class and /5(10).
Free Essay: Fear of youth violence is a constant concern by millions of people all over the world. Kids seem to take up more and more space of crimes that. How often have you felt hopeless, wishing there was something you could do about youth violence? Everywhere you look there is a crime involving youth under the age of 18 and we are losing someone each and every day to senseless violence.