Given that any discipline is subject to continuous growth, psychology was not initially…. For this paper, I will explore the ethical issues in Psychology, more specifically the violation of basic human rights in the example of the Stanford Prison Experiment. The following questions will be addressed: Was the Stanford Prison Experiment worth the consequences it had on the participants?
Was it morally right to put the participants in…. Bateman and his Ivy League educated friends enjoy all the luxury Manhattan has to offer, including expensive restaurants, exclusive nightclubs and excessive amounts of….
The mind-brain relationship was becoming increasingly sought with the progress of the 19th century. The general interest on the subject was evident from the fact that almost all relevant text written after did not fail to discuss this issue. Philosophers and psychologists were engaged in this mind-brain association due to the prevailing notion that…. That is where the tension of American Psycho came from. It wasn't that I was going to make up this serial killer on Wall Street.
It came from a much more personal place, and that's something that I've only been admitting in the last year or so. I was so on the defensive because of the reaction to that book that I wasn't able to talk about it on that level. Set in Manhattan during the Wall Street boom of the late s, American Psycho follows the life of wealthy young investment banker Patrick Bateman.
Bateman, in his mids when the story begins, narrates his everyday activities, from his recreational life among the Wall Street elite of New York to his forays into murder by night. Through present tense stream-of-consciousness narrative, Bateman describes his daily life, ranging from a series of Friday nights spent at nightclubs with his colleagues — where they snort cocaine , critique fellow club-goers' clothing, trade fashion advice, and question one another on proper etiquette — to his loveless engagement to fellow yuppie Evelyn and his contentious relationship with his brother and senile mother.
Bateman's stream of consciousness is occasionally broken up by chapters in which he directly addresses the reader in order to critique the work of s pop music artists. The novel maintains a high level of ambiguity through mistaken identity and contradictions that introduce the possibility that Bateman is an unreliable narrator.
Characters are consistently introduced as people other than themselves, and people argue over the identities of others they can see in restaurants or at parties. Deeply concerned with his personal appearance , Bateman gives extensive descriptions of his daily beauty regimen.
The question of whether any of the crimes depicted in the novel actually happened or whether they were simply the fantasies of a delusional psychotic is only perpetuated further by the cinematic adaptation. After killing Paul Owen, one of his colleagues, Bateman appropriates his apartment as a place to host and kill more victims.
Bateman's control over his violent urges deteriorates. His murders become increasingly sadistic and complex, progressing from simple stabbings to drawn-out sequences of rape , torture , mutilation , cannibalism , and necrophilia , and his grasp on sanity begins to slip. He introduces stories about serial killers into casual conversations and on several occasions openly confesses his murderous activities to his coworkers, who never take him seriously, do not hear what he says, or misunderstand him completely—for example, hearing the words "murders and executions" as "mergers and acquisitions.
This narrative episode sees the first-person perspective shift to third-person and the subsequent events are, although not for the first time in the novel, described in terms pertaining to cinematic portrayal. Bateman flees on foot and hides in his office, where he phones his attorney, Harold Carnes, and confesses all his crimes to the answering machine. Later, Bateman revisits Paul Owen's apartment, where he had earlier killed and mutilated two prostitutes, carrying a surgical mask in anticipation of the decomposing bodies he expects to encounter.
He enters the perfectly clean, refurbished apartment, however, filled with strong-smelling flowers meant, perhaps, to conceal a bad odor. The real estate agent, who sees his surgical mask, fools him into stating he was attending the apartment viewing because he saw an "ad in the Times " when there was no such advertisement.
She tells him to leave and never return. Bateman's mental state continues to deteriorate, and he begins to experience bizarre hallucinations such as seeing a Cheerio interviewed on a talk show, being stalked by an anthropomorphic park bench, and finding a bone in his Dove Bar. At the end of the story, Bateman confronts Carnes about the message he left on his machine, only to find the attorney amused at what he considers a hilarious joke.
Mistaking Bateman for another colleague, Carnes claims that the Patrick Bateman he knows is too much of a coward to have committed such acts. In the dialogue-laden climax, Carnes stands up to a defiant Bateman and tells him his claim of having murdered Owen is impossible, because he had dinner with him twice in London just a few days prior.
The book ends as it began, with Bateman and his colleagues at a new club on a Friday night, engaging in banal conversation. The sign seen at the end of the book simply reads "This is not an exit. According to literary critic Jeffrey W. Hunter, American Psycho is largely a critique of the "shallow and vicious aspects of capitalism ".
This leads Patrick Bateman to act as if "everything is a commodity , including people",  an attitude that is further evident in the rampant objectification and brutalization of women that occurs in the novel. This distancing allows Bateman to rationalize his actions;  in one anthropophagic scene, Bateman remarks "though it does sporadically penetrate how unacceptable some of what I'm doing actually is, I just remind myself that this thing, this girl, this meat, is nothing Patrick Bateman's consumption of what he views as nothing more than a piece of meat is an almost parodically literal interpretation of a monster created by consumer culture.
This, combined with sex, violence, drugs, and other desires of the id , is how Bateman enacts his sociopathic violence in a superficial world.
Vintage Books purchased the rights to the novel and published the book after the customary editing process. This truism is only worth restating as many people still childishly insist on confusing protagonists with their authors. The second thing is that the novel is always as much about the reader as the writer. As readers, we filter novels through the lens of our own cultural background and respond to them accordingly. The best of them evoke something strong in both ourselves, and the world around us.
Those who came from a different place, such as the writer Fay Weldon , tended to rejoice in it, for the very same reason their sisters loathed it: So is the world, increasingly. But I believe the main source of unease concerning the novel is that, despite its portrayal of Bateman as superficial, pompous, lying, misogynistic, racist and narcissistic, the narrative style of American Psycho forces the reader to adopt his point of view.
Thus, the reader is implicated in both the violence and the objectifying processes of consumer society. But this participation also crucially demands that the reader makes some kind of moral judgment on the nature of these acts. That could be on a spectrum ranging from total disgust to detached indifference, perhaps even to perverse fascination. The point is that the reader is forced to confront his or her emotions in the context of the values of a society that we are all part of.
The objective of pornography is to produce sexual arousal. While American Psycho includes pornographic scenes, they are carefully crafted and placed, and juxtaposed with horror and gore.
In those scenes, I see only a technician at work, albeit one operating in tandem with a monstrous character he has forged as the appropriate tool to guide his story and address his themes. By reducing his victims to material, Bateman is the alienated, urbane Ivy League serial killer in the suit. Therefore, Easton Ellis was correct to be as graphic as possible in the dismemberment scenes. Without them the novel would have been a compromise and a failure. But there is little to be gained in trying to analyse the violent scenes in the book.
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American Psycho: An Analysis American Psycho is a novel about a serial killer. It was written in the first person perspective by Bret Easton Ellis in in the personality of Patrick Bateman. Adapted into a film in starring Christian Bale as Bateman, it garnered more recognition and positive reviews from book and film critiques.
Essay about American Psycho: Analysis of Novel and Movie Production Words | 7 Pages American Psycho: Analysis of Novel and Movie Production American Psycho has been recognized as a brilliant thriller of its time and can legitimately be labeled a scandalous novel. Essay about Movie Review: American Psycho The film American Psycho has strong references to the American consumer culture of elitists in the s. However, the film main reflects popular culture among elitists in the time period but it also applies to a broader spectrum of the population.
American Psycho essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis. Shocking the Reader in American Psycho and A Clockwork Orange. American Psycho Analysis Essay American Psycho Essay The text is from the movie American Psycho, a movie released in based on the novel of the same name by Bret Easton Ellis.